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Munhälsobedömning med bedömningsinstrumentet ROAG: En journalgranskning av dokumentation av munvård på en palliativ slutenvårdsavdelning i Mellansverige
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

En god munhälsa betyder mycket för välbefinnandet och området är sparsamt studerat inom palliativ vård. För att kunna bedöma munstatus på ett strukturerat sätt rekommenderas Revised Oral Assessment Guide (ROAG) att användas i Sverige. Året som studien utfördes gavs en prestationsersättning till alla svenska kommuner som använde ROAG och dokumenterade munhälsa i det nationella kvalitetsregistret senior alert.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka om munhälsobedömningar gjorts enligt ROAG, och om åtgärderna som vidtagits stämmer överens med ROAGs rekommendationer. Det har även studerats om läkare eller tandläkare konsulterats, då allvarliga problem med munhälsan upptäcktes.

Metod: En retrospektiv kvantitativ studie ägde rum på en palliativ slutenvårdsavdelning Pappersjournaler av 68 patienter granskades. Patienter som inte var i en palliativ fas eller som hade gått bort inom en vecka efter ankomst exkluderades från studien. En granskningsmall och anteckningsblock användes för att kunna sammanställa all dokumentation från journalerna.

Resultat: Resultatet visade brist på dokumentation inom området munvård, och ROAG formuläret hade använts i en av 68 journaler. Det fanns få beskrivna åtgärder. Av 103 identifierade problemområden fanns 8 problemområden där åtgärderna fullständigt stämde överens med ROAG. 29 patienter hade läkemedel mot munsvamp ordinerat av läkare. Av dessa 29 fanns 12 journaler där det inte stod någonting om munvård, utom just i läkemedelslistan.

Slutsats: Denna studie tyder på att det finns brister i dokumentationen av munhälsa och munvård. Bristerna skulle kunna leda till ett onödigt vårdlidande för patienten. Orsaken till detta behöver undersökas, och rutiner för munvårdsbedömningar bör säkerställas.

Abstract [en]

Background: Good oral health is important for general wellbeing and there is a lack of studies within this area.  In Sweden it is recommended that Revised Oral Assessment Guide (ROAG) is used in order to assess oral health in a structured way. The year the study was performed a monetary performance reward was given to all Swedish counties if they used ROAG and documented oral health in a Swedish national register called senior alert.

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine if oral health care assessments had been made using ROAG (revised oral assessment guide), and weather the measures that were made coincided with ROAGS recommendations. The aim also included studying if a doctor or dentist were consulted, if serious problems with oral health were discovered.

Method: A retrospective study took place at a hospice. The printed journals of 68 patients were studied. Patients who were not in a palliative phase, or had passed away within a week of arrival were excluded from the study. A review template and a notebook were used to compile the documentation from the journals.

Result: The result showed a lack of documentation of oral health and that the ROAG form was only used in one of 68 journals. There were few documented actions mentioned to rectify identified problems. Amongst 103 problem areas there were 8 that had actions mentioned that coincided with ROAGs recommendations. 29 patients had an oral antifungal drug prescribed by a doctor. Amongst these 29 patients there were 12 journals that did not mention oral health care in any way, except from on the medical ordination list.

Conclusion: This study showed that there was a lack of documentation within the nursing field of oral health care. This could lead to unnecessary suffering for the patient. The reason behind this should be examined, and routines for the use of oral assessment guides should be secured.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Oral health care, general palliative care, oral assessment guide, ROAG
Keyword [sv]
munvård, allmän palliativ vård, munhälsobedömning, ROAG
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254863OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-254863DiVA: diva2:819958
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-16 Created: 2015-06-11 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

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