Designing an upgrade of the Medley setup for light-ion production and fission cross-section measurements
2015 (English)In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, Vol. 794, 141-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract Measurements of neutron-induced fission cross-sections and light-ion production are planned in the energy range 1-40 MeV at the upcoming Neutrons For Science (NFS) facility. In order to prepare our detector setup for the neutron beam with continuous energy spectrum, a simulation software was written using the Geant4 toolkit for both measurement situations. The neutron energy range around 20 MeV is troublesome when it comes to the cross-sections used by Geant4 since data-driven cross-sections are only available below 20 MeV but not above, where they are based on semi-empirical models. Several customisations were made to the standard classes in Geant4 in order to produce consistent results over the whole simulated energy range. Expected uncertainties are reported for both types of measurements. The simulations have shown that a simultaneous precision measurement of the three standard cross-sections H(n,n), 235U(n,f) and 238U(n,f) relative to each other is feasible using a triple layered target. As high resolution timing detectors for fission fragments we plan to use Parallel Plate Avalanche Counters (PPACs). The simulation results have put some restrictions on the design of these detectors as well as on the target design. This study suggests a fissile target no thicker than 2 µm (1.7 mg/cm2) and a PPAC foil thickness preferably less than 1 µm . We also comment on the usability of Geant4 for simulation studies of neutron reactions in this energy range.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 794, 141-150 p.
Neutron-induced fission, Light-ion production, Geant4, Standard cross-section, PPAC
Accelerator Physics and Instrumentation
Research subject Physics with specialization in Applied Nuclear Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255210DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.05.001ISI: 000356356100019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255210DiVA: diva2:821273
FunderSwedish Research Council