Improving or extending the range of cross-section standards, which in general are believed to be well known, require good control of the experimental conditions and the uncertainties involved. Two experiments that aspire to improve two different neutron cross-section standards, 238U(n,f) and 6Li(n,a, are presented in this thesis. Both standards have previously been extensively measured, but outside certain energy ranges discrepancies exist. In this thesis, a future precision measurement of the 238U(n,f) standard, relative to the elastic neutron scattering on hydrogen, is analysed through simulations. The status of the currently ongoing measurement of the second standard, 6Li(n,a), is also reported and some preliminary results are presented.Measurements of the uranium standard, with a total uncertainty better than 2%, are planned at the upcoming NFS facility. The new experimental situation requires our existing setup to be upgraded with new detectors. The simulation study has supplied limits on the target and detector designs but also provided estimates of the uncertainties that show the feasibility of a precision measurement. The design of the whole setup and the development of new detectors are guided by the simulation study presented in this thesis. When the upgrade is complete, the setup will consist of two parallel plate avalanche counters (PPACs), in addition to the eight detector telescopes already present in the existing setup.The 6Li(n,a) measurement is ongoing at the GELINA facility at IRMM in Geel, Belgium. A twin Frisch-grid ionisation chamber is employed measuring both 6Li(n,a) and 235U(n,f) in separate compartments. Although a problematic background was found, the preliminary cross section in the resonance region around 240 keV reproduces evaluated neutron library data fairly well. A recent move of the setup to a position closer to the neutron production shows promising improvements in the background situation.
Polacksbackens repro , 2015.