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Growth by Growth: How does differential birth rates affect per capita output?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the relationship between population growth and GDP per capita. Striving to account for both the positive and negative effects of newborns and young workers on GDP per capita a new variable, labourvsbirth, is created. Labourvsbirth consists of the differential birth rate between year t and t-15. A positive value of labourvsbirth indicates a demographic window of opportunity where relatively more fifteen year-olds enter the workforce than the amount of newborns. Using emerging market data from 1990-2005, labourvsbirth is tested as a cause for GDP per capita growth. OLS regressions are used to unearth this relationship, including various control variables. The research presented indicates a positive relationship between labourvsbirth and GDP per capita growth, with statistical significance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Labourvsbirth, GDP per capita, Emerging markets, OLS, Population Growth, Differential birth rate, Panel data
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255238OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255238DiVA: diva2:821418
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Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-06-15Bibliographically approved

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