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Role of Aurora kinase in Medulloblastoma development with correlation to MYCN activity
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Biology Education Centre.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Brain tumors are abnormal tissue masses found, either malignant or benign in nature. Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor subtype found to arise in the hind region of the brain, which is highly malignant and has poor long term prospects in general. On the basis of the driving force behind the tumor, medulloblastoma is further subgrouped into 4 categories: WNT; SHH; Group 3 and Group 4 tumors. Group 3 tumors show a high expression of N-Myc protein which is seen in certain types of cancerous cells. The cell cycle is regulated at several checkpoints by cyclin/cdk inhibitors. The primary cilium is an organelle found on the cellular surface, which has functions in cell growth, differentiation and neurogenesis. Aurora kinase is a protein kinase involved in the regulation and maintainence of the cilium. Often the cilium gets deleted from the cellular surface in tumors coupled with an increase in the kinase level inside the cells. Hence aurora kinase is found to be a viable target for therapy. Aurora kinase is also involved in stabilizing the MYCN gene by protecting it from degradation.

In this project, the primary cilum was studied in neural stem cells and followed by study of its presence on tumor cells in culture. The gene involved in cilium development i.e. Kif3a was mutated and its aggressive nature was compared with that of the tumor cells. Aurora kinase was commonly found to be over-expressed in both the tumors and the mutants whereas N-Myc over-expression was seen only in tumors. Experiments suggest that cilia repression in Kif3a mutants takes place via an aurora kinase dependent pathway.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
brain tumor, N-Myc, primary cilium, aurora kinase
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255237DiVA: diva2:821440
Educational program
Master Programme in Molecular Biotechnology
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Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-16 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

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