Endothelin plays an important role in the endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the human forearm
1999 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, ISSN 0036-5513, Vol. 59, no 1, 17-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV) in humans has been evaluated mainly by local infusion of a muscarinic-receptor agonists in the forearm. It has been postulated that the function of the vasodilator nitric oxide (NO) can be evaluated with this technique. However, the role of the vasoconstrictor endothelin in this model has not been investigated. METHODS: Ten male hypertensive and seven male normotensive subjects were subjected to measurements of forearm blood flow (FBF) by venous occlusion plethysmography during local intra-arterial infusion of metacholine (4 microg/min) or nitroprusside (10 microg/min). In parallel, forearm venous plasma endothelin (ir-ET) was determined. RESULTS: Metacholine and nitroprusside increased FBF 2.3 and 2.2 times the baseline level (6.6+/-2.8 SD ml/min/100 ml tissue) in hypertensive subjects and 5.1 times the baseline level (2.7+/-3.0 ml/min/100 ml tissue) for both drugs in the normotensive subjects. None of the drugs induced any significant changes in ir-ET levels in any of the groups (baseline 1.5+/-0.4 pmol/l in hypertensive and 1.1+/-1.2 pmol/l in normotensive subjects). However, in the hypertensive subjects, the individual change in venous ir-ET levels during infusion with metacholine, but not with nitroprusside, was inversely related to the degree of vasodilatation induced by this agent (r = -0.71, p < 0.02). A similar correlation coefficient (r=-0.69) was found in healthy subjects. CONCLUSION: Muscarinic-receptor-agonist-stimulated vasodilatation in the human forearm, thought mainly to reflect NO synthesis, was inversely related to the change in endothelin levels, suggesting an important role for this endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor in this model of EDV.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 59, no 1, 17-22 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-54307DOI: 10.1080/00365519950185968PubMedID: 10206094OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-54307DiVA: diva2:82216