BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines on central venous catheterisation were introduced by the Swedish Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine in 2011. The purpose of this study was to investigate current national practice and assess to what extent these guidelines influence clinical routines in Swedish operating wards and intensive care units.
METHODS: An invitation to participate in an online survey regarding central venous catheterisation was sent to 65 departments of anaesthesiology and intensive care medicine in Sweden. The survey aimed at investigating routine standards (part 1) and 24-h clinical practice (part 2).
RESULTS: Forty-seven (72%) and 49 (75%) of 65 departments took part in parts 1 and 2, respectively, and 73% adhered to the national guidelines. Many units monitored mechanical (42%) and infectious (69%) complications. Ultrasound was used by more than 50%. Checklists for insertion were used by 22%. Physicians inserted most catheters. No serious complications were reported during the 24-h study period. Ninety-seven non-tunnelled, 17 venous ports, 9 tunnelled and 8 peripheral central venous catheters were inserted. Ninety-three (71%) catheters were inserted in operating rooms, and 31 (24%) in intensive care units. Catheterisations were followed up by chest X-ray in most departments.
CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the Swedish guidelines was adequate, and most participating departments had local catheterisation routines. We could identify some variation in practice, but overall adherence to the guidelines was good. Nevertheless, monitoring of procedures and complications of cannulation and maintenance could be in need of improvement.
2013. Vol. 57, no 10, 1237-44 p.