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Att strida för kalifatet och självkänslan: en religionspsykologisk studie om fenomenet svenskar som strider för Islamiska Staten i Syrien och Irak.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

During 2014 a new phenomenon started to arise in the eyes of the Swedish population. The phenomenon itself had actually started a good while before it got it's medial attention and is up to this day a growing concern for the Swedish population. The number of individuals that leave Sweden for Syria and Iraq to engage in the Islamic terrorist organization The Islamic State (also called The Islamic state of Iraq and Sham) has grown remarkably and not only is it a matter of life or death of those individuals, male and female, but also a matter of Swedish security and the work against terror. The purpose of this study is to achieve a greater understanding of the phenomenon with Swedish citizens who travel to this war zone from the individuals point of view according to Social Identity Theory. Through this study I want to examine whether the phenomenon lives up to Peter Herriots (2007) criteria for the social identity to direct biased and violent behavior and also why individuals chose to join ISIS in the first place. The former includes the criteria of internalization of the social identity, a social context that enables group comparison and the presence of a relevant out-group. The latter is motivated by the individuals need for self-esteem and reduction of uncertainty. The goal is to a achieve a greater understanding of the phenomenon derived from the search for self-esteem. My study is conducted through qualitative research method with a deductive approach. The analysis method being used is template analysis style as Kirsti Malterud (2014) defines it. This search for self esteem through membership in a certain group shed an interesting light over the phenomenon being studied. The study showed that the the criteria for the social identity to direct behaviour and the criteria for the individual to join ISIS could be found within the Swedish foreign fighters and gives a possible explanation to the phenomenon. This result is of value within the work to prevent foreign fighters from Sweden in Syrian and Iraq. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 44 p.
Keyword [en]
foreign fighters, social identity, Islamic State, self-esteem
National Category
Religious Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255548OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255548DiVA: diva2:822625
Subject / course
Psychology of religion
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Theology and Religious Studies
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-16 Last updated: 2015-06-17Bibliographically approved

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