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Hizbullah's Construction of National Identity: "We are in principle not like Others"
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to understand how national identity is discursively constructed by Hizbullah at a time of national crisis, and to shed light on its potential effects on the social world. The critical discourse analysis focuses on how difference and otherness are constructed on Hizbullah’s television channel Al-Manar. It illuminates Hizbullah’s discursive construal of a national in-group and an ‘enemy’ out-group, and identifies the main discourses that Hizbullah draws upon. The backdrop is the violent events in the Lebanese town of Arsal, erupting in early August 2014 and soon amounting to a national crisis. How Hizbullah, one of the main political actors in Lebanon and the region, constructs the world discursively does arguably have impact on the social world. The analysis identifies an order of discourse that on the one hand is permeated by pluralism and inclusion and on the other hand influenced by an exclusionary discourse connecting the out-group to terrorism. The author suggests that the Western discourse of ‘war on terrorism’ has been recontextualised by Hizbullah, and argues that there are reasons to pay close attention to the potentially harmful socially constructive effects of this discourse. Nevertheless, a cross-confessional national unity is simultaneously highlighted in Hizbullah’s discourse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 96 p.
Keyword [en]
Critical Discourse Analysis, Hizbullah, Al-Manar, Discourse, Media, Nationalism, Identity construction, National Crisis, Recontextualisation, Terrorism, Lebanon
Keyword [sv]
Kritisk diskursanalys, Hizbullah, Al-Manar, Diskurs, Media, Nationalism, Identitet, Nationell kris, Rekontextualisering, Terrorism, Libanon
National Category
History of Religions
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255701OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255701DiVA: diva2:823248
Subject / course
History of Religions
Available from: 2015-06-18 Created: 2015-06-17 Last updated: 2015-06-18Bibliographically approved

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