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Generell rabatt inom samtliga branscher?: En studie om den privata bolagsrabatten
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Ägare av aktier i privata bolag har sämre möjlighet att avyttra sina aktier än ägare av aktier i publika bolag, allt annat lika. Därför används en generell rabatt vid värdering av privata bolag, en privat bolagsrabatt, för att kompensera köpare för den reducerade möjligheten att avyttra sina aktier i ett senare skede. Undersökningen ämnade därför undersöka huruvida en generell rabatt är applicerbar på samtliga bolag genom att undersöka skillnader i den privata bolagsrabatten mellan olika branscher i Norden.

Genom att använda publika aktietransaktioner skapades publika referensportföljer som kunde jämföras med privata bolagstransaktioner i Norden under perioden 2006- 2013. Utifrån dessa jämförelser kunde värden för den privata bolagsrabatten framställas. Resultatet tyder på att det finns skillnader i den privata bolagsrabatten mellan branscher. I två av branscherna, transport och finans, visade enskilda multiplar signifikanta resultat. Utifrån det tolkade resultatet finns motiv för att inte använda en generell, branschöverskridande rabatt. Detta då det kan medföra problematik i värderingen och ge felaktigt värderade privata bolag. 

Abstract [en]

Owners of shares in private companies have less opportunity to sell their shares than owners of shares in public companies, all else being equal. Therefore, when valuing private companies, a general discount are used, a private company discount, to compensate buyers for the reduced opportunity to sell their shares at a later stage. This study therefore aimed to examine whether a general discount is applicable to all companies by examine differences in the private company the discount between different industries in the Nordic region.

Public reference portfolios were created in order to compare public transactions with private transaction in the Nordic region between 2006-2013. The results showed that there are differences in the private company discount between industries. Significant results were found for some isolated multiples in two of the examined industries, transportation and finance. Those results indicated that there are motives not to use an overall, cross-industrial discount. That is due to the problems involved within the valuation process and can result in wrongly valued private companies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Private company discount, acquisition approach, multiple valuation, industry segmentation
Keyword [sv]
Privat bolagsrabatt, förvärvsmetoden, multipelvärdering, branschsegmentering
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255766DiVA: diva2:823482
Subject / course
Business Studies
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Business and Economics
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-06-24 Created: 2015-06-18 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved

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