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Artisanal Fisheries in Crisis: A Political Ecology Approach to Pelagic Fisheries in Bio-Bio Region, Chile
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The exploitation of marine resources is an important economic activity in Chile. Nevertheless, Chilean fisheries are in crisis. This thesis analyse the situation of pelagic artisanal fisheries in Bío-Bío region. To gather information a fieldwork was done in the region during December 2014, visiting several artisanal fishing places. Industrial overexploitation, and pollution produced by non-fishing industries located by the coastal border (as thermoelectric plants and pulp mills), have contributed to drastically decrease the availability of marine resources. Artisanal fishers are severely affected by the situation. Resource scarcity and problems accessing fishing rights and quotas have stressed artisanal fishers‟ economic conditions. Economic problems have increased poverty levels, producing several social problems. The State has made several attempts to solve sectors‟ problems implementing mainly neoliberal policies focused on privatizing (enclosure of commons) and commoditizing the ocean. Nevertheless, these policies have not been enough to solve the problems, and the crises persist. To achieve a sustainable development within the artisanal sector it is essential to understand the roots, complexities, power relations and historic-material conditions of the crises. Therefore, this thesis contributes to the discussion analysing the transition process artisanal fishers from Bío-Bío region are having from their traditional economic systems to becoming part of the global capitalist system. This transition is essential to understand fishing sectors‟ crisis in its three dimensions (social, environmental and economic) and to have an idea of where the sector is heading.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 31 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 231
Keyword [en]
Sustainable Development, Political Ecology, Primitive Accumulation, Artisanal Fisheries, Chile, Crisis
Keyword [es]
Desarrollo Sustentable, Ecología Política, Pesca Artesanal, Acumulación Primitiva, Chile
National Category
Natural Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255940OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255940DiVA: diva2:824145
Subject / course
Sustainable development
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
2015-06-02, Hamberg, Geocentrum, Geocentrum, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2015-06-23 Created: 2015-06-20 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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