SWARM observations of equatorial electron densities and topside GPS track losses
2015 (English)In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, Vol. 42, no 7, 2088-2092 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The SWARM satellites have both upward looking GPS receivers and Langmuir probes. The receivers repeatedly lost track of the L1 band signal in January-February 2014 at postsunset hours, when SWARM was at nearly 500km altitude. This indicates that the signal was disturbed by ionospheric irregularities at this height and above. The track losses occurred right at density gradients associated with equatorial plasma bubbles and predominantly where the measured background density was highest. The signal showed strong phase scintillations rather than in amplitude, indicating that SWARM might be in the near field of an ionospheric phase screen. Density biteouts, depletions between steep gradients, were up to almost 3 orders of magnitude deep in the background of a more shallow trough centered at the magnetic equator. Comparison between satellites shows that the biteout structure strongly varied in longitude over approximate to 100km and has in north-south steep walls.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 42, no 7, 2088-2092 p.
ionosphere, equator, GPS, Langmuir Probe, irregularities
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255296DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063121ISI: 000353988700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255296DiVA: diva2:824379