Subsets of T-cells and in vitro cytokine production after measles and varicellae-zoster virus antigen stimulation in allogeneic BMT patients
1999 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0036-5548, Vol. 31, no 1, 43-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study was performed to analyse differences in T-cell proliferation induced by a latent virus, varicellae-zoster virus (VZV) and a non-latent virus, measles virus, in patients after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The lymphoproliferative response to measles antigen, VZV-antigen (VZV-ag), and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) was measured by 3H-thymidine incorporation, and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) analyses in supernatants after in vitro stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 22 patients and 18 healthy controls. The cytokine levels were correlated with T-cell subsets by FACS analyses. At the antigen concentrations used, VZV-ag induced higher levels of IFN-gamma (p < 0.05) than did the measles antigen, whereas the levels of IL-10 were similar. Patients without a cell mediated immune (CMI) response to VZV-ag or measles antigen had lower CD4+ T-cell counts than did controls (p < 0.01 in both cases) and lower IFN-gamma production after non-specific PHA stimulation (p <0.01). The IFN-gamma and IL-10 levels after measles antigen stimulation correlated with the number of CD4+ T-cells (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively), and after VZV-ag mainly to the number of CD8+ T-cells (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). These results suggest that there is a difference in the types of T-cells that respond to VZV-ag and measles antigen stimulation, respectively. The impaired CMI response to viral antigens seen in many patients may be explained both by a low number of CD4+ T-cells and by a cell dysfunction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 31, no 1, 43-49 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-54535PubMedID: 10381217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-54535DiVA: diva2:82444