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Prognostic value of the ISUP 2015 Gleason grade groupings
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: New prognostic grade groupings were recently proposed for prostate cancer. They are based on Gleason grading of either biopsy or prostatectomy specimen. Former Gleason 6 corresponds to group 1, Gleason 7=3+4 corresponds to group 2, Gleason 7=4+3 corresponds to group 3, Gleason 8 corresponds to group 4, and Gleason 9-10 correspond to group 5.

Objective: To assess the prognostic value of Gleason grade groups in men with prostate cancer from a nationwide population‑based cohort.

Design, Setting and Participants: From the National Prostate Cancer Register of Sweden, we identified 5,880 men diagnosed with prostate cancer from 2005 to 2007, including 4,325 who had radical prostatectomy and 1,555 treated by radiotherapy. 

Outcome Measurements and Statistical Analysis: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to calculate the cumulative 4-year biochemical recurrence-free survival. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to examine the relationship between prognostic Gleason grade groups and biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy. The 4-year biochemical progression-free survival was compared for groups based on biopsy and prostatectomy Gleason grade groups.

Results and Limitations: Among men undergoing surgery, the 4‑year biochemical progression-free survival was 89%, 82%, 74%, 77%, and 49% for prognostic Gleason grade groups 1-5 on biopsy. The corresponding 4-year biochemical progression-free survival based on prostatectomy prognostic Gleason grade groups was 92%, 85%, 73%, 63%, and 51% for prognostic Gleason grade groups 1-5. For men undergoing radiotherapy, biopsy prognostic Gleason grade groups 1-5 had 4-year biochemical progression-free survival of 95%, 91%, 85%, 78%, and 70%. After adjusting for preoperative serum prostate specific antigen and clinical stage, biopsy prognostic Gleason grade groups were significant independent predictors of biochemical progression after radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy. There was no central review of pathology.

Conclusions: These results confirm the prognostic value of the newly proposed prognostic Gleason grade groups in men undergoing radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy in a population-based setting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
neoplasms, adenocarcinoma, cancer, prostate, biopsy, histopathology, prostatectomy, radiotherapy, recurrence, PCBaSe
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-256158OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-256158DiVA: diva2:824821
External cooperation
Regionalt cancercentrum Uppsala Örebro
Subject / course
Educational program
Master Programme in Statistics
Available from: 2015-06-24 Created: 2015-06-22 Last updated: 2016-07-04Bibliographically approved

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