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Sputter deposition of thermochromic VO2 films on In2O3: Sn, SnO2, and glass: Structure and composition versus oxygen partial pressure
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8279-5163
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, ISSN 1071-1023, E-ISSN 1520-8567, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 1-7, article id 031805Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thermochromic thin films of VO2 were produced by reactive DC magnetron sputtering and were characterized by atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, spectrophotometry, and resistance measurements. Depositions took place onto substrates of glass with and without layers of electrically conducting ITO (i.e., In2O3: Sn) and nonconducting SnO2. The substrate conditions were of large importance; thus, VO2 could be prepared on ITO within a significantly wider process window of oxygen partial pressure than for the other substrates and could yield highly granular deposits. VO2 films on ITO typically showed some lattice compression. Our results are valuable for the preparation and implementation of thermochromic glazings, which are of importance for energy efficient buildings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 33, no 3, p. 1-7, article id 031805
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-256852DOI: 10.1116/1.4918714ISI: 000355011700040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-256852DiVA, id: diva2:827339
Available from: 2015-06-26 Created: 2015-06-26 Last updated: 2018-02-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Thermochromic VO2-based materials for smart windows: Progress towards applications in buildings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Thermochromic VO2-based materials for smart windows: Progress towards applications in buildings
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Vanadium dioxide is a well-known thermochromic material, whose optical properties can be varied reversibly in response to fluctuation of temperature. It is attractive in various fields due to its unique properties as well as its prospective applications. Especially, it is the most favorite candidate for smart window applications which can significantly lower energy consumption. Ideally, VO2-based thermochromic windows can regulate solar radiation gain dynamically according to the exterior environment conditions. However, commercial utilization of VO2 thermochromic windows is still on the way. There are still a few issues needed to be overcome, such as high phase transition temperature, the unfavorable yellow-brown color, low luminous transmittance and weak solar energy modulation ability.

Vanadium oxides are known to have rich polymorphs and devices using thermochromic effect often require absence of impurities, so that stringent process control is crucial for practical manufacturing of VO2 materials. In this work, a novel route for fabrication of VO2 thin films was developed thermodynamically and verified experimentally. Another concern related to VO2-based materials is the relatively short durability of their desirable properties as VO2 is not the most thermodynamic stable species. Hence the lifetimes of the thermochromic VO2 films under various environmental conditions were evaluated. Furthermore, studies have been made to investigate the impacts of substrates on VO2 film growth.

For window coating applications, the light scattering is of importance. Therefore, the light scattering effect for particulate VO2 film was studied. Additionally, the low luminous transmittance of VO2 film can be substantially increased by use of a top coating with suitable refractive index. In our study a TiO2 top layer was used, which leads to improved thermochromic behavior. Moreover, incorporation of VO2 plasmonic pigments into a matrix is a useful way to overcome the unsatisfied thermochromic performance of conventional VO2 films. A composite film of VO2-SiO2 was fabricated and its optical properties were studied. Besides, phase-pure VO2 nanospheres were synthesized via chemical route and their thermochromic properties were investigated.

In general, these studies promote development and progress of VO2-based material further to be used in heat and light regulation applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 107
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1639
Keywords
Thermochromic, Vanadium dioxide, Smart windows
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343524 (URN)978-91-513-0255-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-04-20, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:30 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2018-03-27 Created: 2018-02-28 Last updated: 2018-04-24

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Montero, JoseJi, Yu-XiaLi, Shu-YiNiklasson, Gunnar A.Granqvist, Claes G.

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