Utvärdering av konsekvenserna för nätanslutning av vindkraftparker i Sverige vid införandet av nätkoden Requirements for Generators
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Grid code compliance of wind farms in Sweden with the introduction of the NC-RfG (English)
Grid codes are becoming more demanding on power generating units due to the factthat the complexity of the power grid is increasing. The penetration of wind powerhas grown over the last years and it is clear that wind farms need to be addressedwith the same type of grid codes as conventional generation units. There is howeveran undeniable difference between the technology in conventional synchronousgeneration units, and the asynchronous generation units in wind farms.
This thesis has reviewed the current grid code in Sweden and compared it to the newcode proposed by ENTSO-E, “the Requirements for Generators”, in the aspect ofwind farms with an installed power of 30 MW or more. The comparison has beencomplemented by an analysis of how wind farms of two different technologies(Doubly fed induction generators and full power converters) can meet therequirements and technical proposals have been given on how to be able to meetcompliance with the new grid codes.
The Requirements for Generators contains many non-exhaustive and optionalrequirements, because of this it has been difficult to, at this stage, exactly point outthe technical impact on the grid connection of future wind farms in Sweden. For manyof the requirements in the Requirements for Generators there is no equivalent in theSwedish Grid Code (SvK FS2005:2) but counterparts can thus be found in existingpractices and therefor does not imply any major differences for the industry.
The requirements of frequency regulation, synthetic inertia and reactive powercapability are the main components of the RfG which will require additional softwareand hardware installations for future wind farms in Sweden.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 51 p.
UPTEC ES, ISSN 1650-8300 ; 15032
Requirements for generators, RfG, wind farm Grid Code Compliance
Nätkoder, Vindkraft, Elnätsanslutning
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-256917OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-256917DiVA: diva2:827469
Master Programme in Energy Systems Engineering
Jönsson, PetraLundin, Urban