Myocarditis related to clozapine treatment
2001 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, ISSN 0271-0749, Vol. 21, no 4, 382-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Myocarditis has in several case reports been associated with use of clozapine. Eight cases of myocarditis during treatment with clozapine that were submitted to the Swedish Adverse Drug Reaction Advisory Committee and 18 cases that were reported in the literature are summarized. As part of the routine signal detection process on the World Health Organization (WHO) Program on International Drug Monitoring database, which contains more than two million case reports of spontaneously reported suspected adverse drug reactions, a Bayesian confidence propagation neural network (BCPNN) is used. This article also shows the retrospective output of the BCPNN over time for clozapine and myocarditis and discusses its implications. In 19 (79%; duration of treatment not stated for 2 patients) of 24 patients with myocarditis, the symptoms occurred within the first 6 weeks of clozapine treatment. Many patients shared a similar clinical course, with symptoms such as an influenza-like illness, fever, sinus tachycardia, hypotension, chest discomfort, and heart failure. The reaction was fatal in 12 (46%) of these patients. The other patients generally had a prompt recovery. By using the BCPNN technique, a quantitative association between clozapine and myocarditis was demonstrated, and the association might have been high-lighted for clinical review in 1994 had this BCPNN method been in use at the WHO center at the time. Myocarditis seems to be a rare and potentially lethal adverse effect of clozapine. Admittance for observation, interruption of the clozapine treatment, and treatment with corticosteroids should be considered for patients in whom this reaction is suspected.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 21, no 4, 382-8 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-54946PubMedID: 11476122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-54946DiVA: diva2:82855