Left ventricular hypertrophy is associated with an attenuated endothelium-dependent vasodilation in hypertensive men
2000 (English)In: Blood Pressure, ISSN 0803-7051, Vol. 9, no 6, 309-314 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To investigate the relationship between left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV), 30 untreated hypertensive patients, 18 treated hypertensives (53 +/- 7 years, all males) and 26 age-and sex-matched healthy normotensive controls, underwent evaluation of EDV and endothelium-independent vasodilation (EIDV) in the forearm, by means of local intra-arterial infusions of methacholine (MCh, evaluating EDV) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP, evaluating EIDV). Forearm blood flow was measured by venous occlusion plethysmography and LVH was measured by echocardiography. The reduction in forearm vascular resistance during MCh infusion (4 microg/min) was significantly smaller in the hypertensive patients with LVH when compared to those without LVH, both in the untreated (-61 +/- 12%, n = 19 vs -72 +/- 4%, n = 11, p < 0.01) and in the treated group (-60 +/- 15%, n = 11 vs -75 +/- 5%, n = 7, p < 0.01). Thereby, EDV was significantly impaired only in the hypertensive patients with LVH when compared to controls (-77 +/- 7% at MCh 4 microg/min, p < 0.001). EIDV was not significantly different between patients with and without LVH and controls. In conclusion, the presence of LVH was related to endothelial dysfunction, both in untreated and treated hypertensive patients, suggesting either a role for endothelial function in the development of LVH, or that a dysfunctional endothelium and LVH are coexisting markers of a more severe hypertensive disease.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 9, no 6, 309-314 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-55045DOI: 10.1080/080370500300000879PubMedID: 11212058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-55045DiVA: diva2:82953