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Soluble adhesion molecules, cytokines and cellular markers in serum in patients with acute infections
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. (Friman, infektion)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
2001 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0036-5548, Vol. 33, no 4, 290-300 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic capacity of a number of blood components such as soluble adhesion molecules, interleukin-6 (IL-6), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and lysozyme in the distinction of acute bacterial and viral infections. Blood was taken from 115 acutely infected patients at admission before any treatment and in some cases on several consecutive days. 35 of the patients had a definite viral cause for their infection and 66 a bacterial cause. All variables were raised in patients with acute bacterial infections. Soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), sE-selectin, lysozyme and MPO were also raised in acute viral infections, but for sE-selectin and MPO less so than in bacterial infections. Evaluation of the diagnostic power showed that for MPO and IL-6 at cut-offs of 1300 microg/l and 100 ng/l, respectively, the positive predictive value was 97% and 100% and the negative predictive value 78% and 76%, respectively, in the classification of acute bacterial infections. In the distinction between viral or bacterial causes of acute infections in otherwise healthy subjects serum measurements of MPO and IL-6 are valuable tools and should be considered as diagnostic aids in the routine setting. The soluble adhesion molecules did not offer any further information in this respect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 33, no 4, 290-300 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-55097PubMedID: 11345222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-55097DiVA: diva2:83005
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2011-01-20Bibliographically approved

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