Decreased blood viscosity and serum levels of erythropoietin after anti-hypertensive treatment with amlodipine or metoprolol: results of a cross-over study
1996 (English)In: Journal of Human Hypertension, ISSN 0950-9240, E-ISSN 1476-5527, Vol. 10, no 3, 199-205 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The increased viscosity of blood of hypertensive patients can be assumed to be a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether anti-hypertensive treatment has any impact on blood theology.
Twenty patients with previously untreated hypertension who consecutively attended our outpatient hypertension clinic were included in this prospective, open, cross-over study. The patients were randomly selected to treatment with amlodipine or metoprolol. The antihypertensive therapy was switched after 4 months. Haemorheological and haemodynamic variables were measured with rotational viscometry and impedance cardiography, respectively.
Fifteen and 16 patients could be evaluated after amlodipine or metoprolol treatment respectively. The mean blood pressure (BP) decreased from 159 +/- 22/105 +/- 7 to 139 +/- 21/91 +/- 6 mm Hg on amlodipine and from 162 +/- 22/104 +/- 5 to 145 +/- 24/90 +/- 8 mm Hg on metoprolol therapy. After amlodipine treatment, the total peripheral resistance index decreased whereas metoprolol treatment was accompanied by a decrease in the cardiac index. Decreases in whole blood viscosity, haematocrit and serum erythropoietin were found after amlodipine as well as metoprolol treatment. After amlodipine the plasma viscosity decreased and the erythrocyte deformability increased in the majority of patients. Plasma fibrinogen decreased after metoprolol treatment.
Despite the differences in haemodynamic mechanisms underlying the decrease in BP, amlodipine and metoprolol exert beneficial effects on blood viscosity. Haemodilution and a decrease in serum erythropoietin may be factors underlying this decrease in blood viscosity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 10, no 3, 199-205 p.
essential hypertension, haemorheology, haemodynamics, erythrocyte deformability, erythropoietin, blood viscosity, amlodipine, metoprolol, fibrinogen
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-55124PubMedID: 8733040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-55124DiVA: diva2:83032