Influence of the specific T cell response on seroconversion after measles vaccination in autologous bone marrow transplant patients
1996 (English)In: Bone Marrow Transplantation, ISSN 0268-3369, E-ISSN 1476-5365, Vol. 18, no 5, 969-973 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Six patients who were seronegative to measles after autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) were vaccinated with a live attenuated measles vaccine. The specific T helper cell response was studied by measuring lymphocyte proliferation induced by measles antigen and B cell response by measles specific IgG by ELISA. Blood samples were drawn before, at 1-3 months, and at 1 year after vaccination. It was found that a pre-existing T cell response correlated with an impaired B cell response 1 year after vaccination (r = 0.83, P = 0.04), whereas no correlation was found between IgG titers before vaccination and IgG titer increase, or T cell response after vaccination. Furthermore, there was a transient negative correlation between the T cell response at 1-3 months after vaccination and the T cell response before vaccination (r = -0.90, P = 0.04) that became positive at 1 year after vaccination (r = 0.90, P = 0.02). In conclusion, in patients seronegative to measles who were revaccinated with measles vaccine after ABMT, a pre-existing T cell response correlated with an impaired B cell response, while pre-existing low-level IgG antibodies had no significant influence on the IgG titer rise. A sustained T cell response to measles antigen before vaccination may thus be one possible explanation for measles vaccine failure in ABMT patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 18, no 5, 969-973 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-55268PubMedID: 8932853OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-55268DiVA: diva2:83176