Inhibition of tissue factor expression in human peripheral blood monocytes exposed to cytokines
1996 (English)In: British Journal of Haematology, ISSN 0007-1048, Vol. 95, no 2, 249-257 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-13 and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) are known to regulate several monocyte functions, including inhibition of the synthesis of different cytokines. Using quantitative RT-PCR and flow cytometry analysis we investigated the effects of these cytokines on bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tissue factor (TF) expression in human monocytes. The effects of IL-4 and IL-10 on monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)-and C-reactive protein (CRP)-induced TF expression were also studied. A direct comparison revealed that IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13 all down-regulated LPS-induced TF expression in a concentration-dependent manner without the need for priming. In contrast, TGF-beta required 4 h of priming to inhibit TF expression induced by LPS. IL-10 was the most powerful inhibitor, causing almost complete inhibition at 5 ng/ml. IL-4 and IL-13 exhibited a significantly lower inhibitory capacity even at concentrations of 100 ng/ml. IL-4 and IL-10 showed similar concentration-dependent inhibition of MCP-1- and CRP-induced TF expression. We also showed that the regulatory effect of the interleukins occurred at the mRNA level. In vivo, these inhibitory cytokines may play an important regulatory role in preventing thrombosis. IL-10, in particular, may be a possible candidate as a TF-preventing drug.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 95, no 2, 249-257 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-55425PubMedID: 8904877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-55425DiVA: diva2:83333