Increased concentrations of 3,4-didehydroretinol and retinoic acid-binding protein (CRABPII) in human squamous cell carcinoma and keratoacanthoma but not in basal cell carcinoma of the skin
1996 (English)In: Journal of Investigative Dermatology, ISSN 0022-202X, Vol. 106, no 5, 1070-1074 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Retinoids are biologic response modifiers that are present in normal skin and may possibly be perturbed in carcinogenesis. To examine this possibility in human skin, we analyzed vitamin A and cytosolic retinoid binding proteins (cellular retinol binding protein and cellular retinoic acid binding protein [CRABP]) in a total of 38 non-melanoma skin tumors and 25 healthy skin samples using high performance liquid chromatography, radioligand electrophoresis, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The mean +/- SEM retinol concentration was normal in basal cell carcinoma (0.60 +/- 0.10 microM) and seborrheic keratosis (0.47 +/- 0.07 microM), but increased in keratoacanthoma (1.60 +/- 0.41 microM) and squamous cell carcinoma (1.17 +/- 0.28 microM) (p < 0.05 for both). Also, the concentrations of 3,4-didehydroretinol, a major vitamin A metabolite produced in human skin, were markedly elevated (6-7 times normal) in keratoacanthoma and squamous cell cancer. All types of tumors showed moderately increased levels of cellular retinol binding protein. In addition, keratoacanthoma and squamous cell cancer showed markedly increased levels (6-7 times normal) of CRABPII protein. Transcriptional activity of the CRABPII gene was demonstrated in both normal and neoplastic epidermis, but clear CRABPI mRNA expression was found only in basal cell carcinoma. The data indicate that characteristic perturbations of the vitamin A and retinoid binding protein levels occur in squamous cell-derived skin tumors, but whether these reflect intrinsic errors in retinoid metabolism or are secondary to abnormal cellular differentiation is unknown.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 106, no 5, 1070-1074 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-55467DOI: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12339284PubMedID: 8618041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-55467DiVA: diva2:83375