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The Effect of a Mutation in the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Receptor (TSHR) on Development, Behaviour and TH Levels in Domesticated Chickens
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
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2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 6, e0129040Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) has been suggested to be a "domestication locus" in the chicken, due to a strong selective sweep over the gene found in domesticated chickens, differentiating them from their wild ancestor the Red Junglefowl (RJF). We investigated the effect of the mutation on development (incubation time), behaviour and thyroid hormone levels in intercross chickens homozygous for the mutation (d/d), wild type homozygotes (w/w) or heterozygotes (d/w). This allowed an assessment of the effect of genotype at this locus against a random mix of RJF and WL genotypes throughout the rest of the genome, controlling for family effects. The d/d genotype showed a longer incubation time, less fearful behaviours, lower number of aggressive behaviours and decreased levels of the thyroid hormone T4, in comparison to the w/w genotype. The difference between TSHR genotypes (d/d vs. w/w) in these respects mirrors the differences in development and behaviour between pure domesticated White Leghorns and pure RJF chickens. Higher individual T3 and T4 levels were associated with more aggression. Our study indicates that the TSHR mutation affects typical domestication traits, possibly through modifying plasma levels of thyroid hormones, and may therefore have been important during the evolution of the domestic chicken.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 10, no 6, e0129040
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-257650DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129040ISI: 000355955300078PubMedID: 26053744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-257650DiVA: diva2:840515
Funder
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 221-2010-35Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-4731EU, European Research Council, 322206
Available from: 2015-07-08 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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