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Measuring individual inbreeding in the age of genomics: marker-based measures are better than pedigrees
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology.
2015 (English)In: Heredity, ISSN 0018-067X, E-ISSN 1365-2540, Vol. 115, no 1, 63-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Inbreeding (mating between relatives) can dramatically reduce the fitness of offspring by causing parts of the genome to be identical by descent. Thus, measuring individual inbreeding is crucial for ecology, evolution and conservation biology. We used computer simulations to test whether the realized proportion of the genome that is identical by descent (IBDG) is predicted better by the pedigree inbreeding coefficient (F-P) or by genomic (marker-based) measures of inbreeding. Genomic estimators of IBDG included the increase in individual homozygosity relative to mean Hardy-Weinberg expected homozygosity (F-H), and two measures (F-ROH and F-E) that use mapped genetic markers to estimate IBDG. IBDG was more strongly correlated with F-H, F-E and F-ROH than with F-P across a broad range of simulated scenarios when thousands of SNPs were used. For example, IBDG was more strongly correlated with F-ROH, F-H and F-E (estimated with >= 10 000 SNPs) than with F-P (estimated with 20 generations of complete pedigree) in populations with a recent reduction in the effective populations size (from N-e=500 to N-e=75). F-ROH, F-H and F-E generally explained 490% of the variance in IBDG (among individuals) when 35 K or more SNPs were used. F-P explained <80% of the variation in IBDG on average in all simulated scenarios, even when pedigrees included 20 generations. Our results demonstrate that IBDG can be more precisely estimated with large numbers of genetic markers than with pedigrees. We encourage researchers to adopt genomic marker-based measures of IBDG as thousands of loci can now be genotyped in any species.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 115, no 1, 63-72 p.
National Category
Evolutionary Biology Ecology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-257631DOI: 10.1038/hdy.2015.17ISI: 000356024900009PubMedID: 26059970OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-257631DiVA: diva2:840738
Available from: 2015-07-09 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2015-07-09Bibliographically approved

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