Recycled Poly(vinyl alcohol) Sponge for Carbon Encapsulation of Size-Tunable Tin Dioxide Nanocrystalline Composites
2015 (English)In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 8, no 12, 2084-2092 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The recycling of industrial materials could reduce their environmental impact and waste haulage fees and result in sustainable manufacturing. In this work, commercial poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) sponges are recycled into a macroporous carbon matrix to encapsulate size-tunable SnO2 nanocrystals as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) through a scalable, flash-combustion method. The hydroxyl groups present copiously in the recycled PVA sponges guarantee a uniform chemical coupling with a tin(IV) citrate complex through intermolecular hydrogen bonds. Then, a scalable, ultrafast combustion process (30s) carbonizes the PVA sponge into a 3D carbon matrix. This PVA-sponge-derived carbon could not only buffer the volume fluctuations upon the Li-Sn alloying and dealloying processes but also afford a mixed conductive network, that is, a continuous carbon framework for electrical transport and macropores for facile electrolyte percolation. The best-performing electrode based on this composite delivers a rate performance up to 9.72C (4Ag(-1)) and long-term cyclability (500cycles) for Li+ ion storage. Moreover, cyclic voltammograms demonstrate the coexistence of alloying and dealloying processes and non-diffusion-controlled pseudocapacitive behavior, which collectively contribute to the high-rate Li+ ion storage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 8, no 12, 2084-2092 p.
carbon, energy storage, flash combustion, lithium, polymers
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258331DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201500297ISI: 000356725300010PubMedID: 26033927OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-258331DiVA: diva2:841850
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research Swedish Research Council, 2012-4681Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation