Abrogation of adenosine A(1) receptor signalling improves metabolic regulation in mice by modulating oxidative stress and inflammatory responses
2015 (English)In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 58, no 7, 1610-1620 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims/hypothesis Adenosine is an important regulator of metabolism; however, the role of the A(1) receptor during ageing and obesity is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of A(1) signalling in modulating metabolic function during ageing. Methods Age-matched young and aged A (1) (also known as Adora1)-knockout (A (1) (-/-)) and wild-type (A (1) (+/+)) mice were used. Metabolic regulation was evaluated by body composition, and glucose and insulin tolerance tests. Isolated islets and islet arterioles were used to detect islet endocrine and vascular function. Oxidative stress and inflammation status were measured in metabolic organs and systemically. Results Advanced age was associated with both reduced glucose clearance and insulin sensitivity, as well as increased visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in A (1) (+/+) compared with A (1) (-/-) mice. Islet morphology and insulin content were similar between genotypes, but relative changes in in vitro insulin release following glucose stimulation were reduced in aged A (1) (+/+) compared with A (1) (-/-) mice. Islet arteriolar responses to angiotensin II were stronger in aged A (1) (+/+) mice, this being associated with increased NADPH oxidase activity. Ageing resulted in multiple changes in A (1) (+/+) compared with A (1) (-/-) mice, including enhanced NADPH oxidase-derived O-2 (-) formation and NADPH oxidase isoform 2 (Nox2) protein expression in pancreas and VAT; elevated levels of circulating insulin, leptin and proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6 and IL-12); and accumulation of CD4(+) T cells in VAT. This was associated with impaired insulin signalling in VAT from aged A (1) (+/+) mice. Conclusions/interpretation These studies emphasise that A(1) receptors regulate metabolism and islet endocrine and vascular functions during ageing, including via the modulation of oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, among other things.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 58, no 7, 1610-1620 p.
Insulin sensitivity and resistance, Islets, Metabolic physiology in vivo, Metabolic syndrome, Oxidative stress, Type 2 diabetes, Visceral adipose tissue
Endocrinology and Diabetes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258321DOI: 10.1007/s00125-015-3570-3ISI: 000356528900026PubMedID: 25835725OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-258321DiVA: diva2:841903
FunderSwedish Research Council, 521-2011-2639, 521-2011-3777Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, 20140448, 20110589