Gender and its contribution to the prediction of cognitive abilities at 5 years.
1998 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 39, no 4, 267-274 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Gender-related differences in the prediction of five year-olds' cognitive abilities from measures of distal environment, proximal environment and infant test scores were examined in a random sample of 93 boys and 90 girls. Distal environmental data included maternal IQ, maternal and paternal education. Proximal environmental data included two variables derived from the Home Screening Questionnaire: the Home Questions and the Toy Checklist. The Bayley MDI was administered at age 13 months, whereas WPPSI-R was used as cognitive outcome measure at age 5 years. The relationship between paternal education and child IQ, and between proximal environmental variables and child IQ was significantly stronger for boys than for girls. The associations between proximal environment and IQ in boys, were accounted for by the distal environmental variables. Bayley MDI correlated significantly higher with girls' IQ compared to boys' IQ. Findings are discussed in terms of parental gender-differentiated socialization processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 39, no 4, 267-274 p.
Gender differences, prediction, cognitive abilities, environment
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-56325ISI: 000077735600007PubMedID: 9883102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-56325DiVA: diva2:84233