NLRC4 Inflammasome Is an Important Regulator of Interleukin-18 Levels in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Genome-Wide Association Study in the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes Trial (PLATO)
2015 (English)In: Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics, ISSN 1942-325X, E-ISSN 1942-3268, Vol. 8, no 3, 498-506 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background Interleukin 18 (IL-18) promotes atherosclerotic plaque formation and is increased in patients with acute coronary syndromes. However the relative contribution of genetic variants to the IL-18 levels has not been fully determined. Methods and Results Baseline plasma IL-18 levels were measured in 16633 patients with acute coronary syndrome, of whom 9340 had genetic data that passed genotype quality control. A 2-stage genome-wide association study was performed, followed by combined analyses using >10 million genotyped or imputed genetic markers. Single nucleotide polymorphisms at 3 loci (IL18, NLRC4, and MROH6) were identified (P<3.15x10(-8)) in the discovery cohort (n=3777) and replicated in the remaining patients (n=5563). In the pooled data (discovery+replication cohort), 7 independent associations, in 5 chromosomal regions, were associated with IL-18 levels (minimum P=6.99x10(-72)). Six single nucleotide polymorphisms are located in predicted promoter regions of which one disrupts a transcription factor binding site. One single nucleotide polymorphism in NLRC4 is a rare missense variant, predicted to be deleterious to the protein. Altogether, the identified genetic variants explained 8% of the total variation in IL-18 levels in the cohort. Conclusions Our results show that genetic variants play an important role in determining IL-18 levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome and we have identified genetic variants located in the IL-18 gene (IL18) or close to genes that are involved in procaspase-1 activation (NLRC4 and CARD16, CARD17, and CARD18). These associations also highlight the importance of the NLRC4 inflammasome for IL-18 production in acute coronary syndrome patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 8, no 3, 498-506 p.
acute coronary syndrome, genome-wide association study, interleukins
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Medical Genetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258783DOI: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.114.000724ISI: 000356418800010PubMedID: 25747584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-258783DiVA: diva2:842400