A real-time assemblage-specific PCR assay for the detection of Giardia duodenalis assemblages A, B and E in fecal samples
2015 (English)In: Veterinary parasitology, ISSN 0304-4017, E-ISSN 1873-2550, Vol. 211, no 1-2, 28-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Giardiosis is a common gastrointestinal infection caused by the flagellate Giardia duodenalis, and affects both humans and animals, worldwide. Animals are infected with both zoonotic and host-specific G. duodenalis assemblages, and their role in the transmission of the infection to humans has been a subject of intense research and debate. Conventional PCR assays are appropriate to determine G. duodenalis assemblages, but lack sensitivity for the detection of mixed infections. Previous surveys demonstrated the occurrence of mixed infections with G. duodenalis assemblage A and B in humans, and with assemblages A and E in cattle, but are likely to be underestimated. In this study, we designed a set of assemblage-specific primers by exploiting sequence variability in homologous genes from assemblages A, B and E. Primers were designed to amplify fragments of different size that generated different melting curves from each assemblage in real-time PCR (rt-PCR) experiments. The assay has been tested on a large panel of human and farm animal isolates, and shown to possess high specificity (no cross reactions observed) and sensitivity (detection limit close to 20 copies). Therefore, this assay can be useful to detect zoonotic and host-specific G. duodenalis assemblages in fecal samples from farm animals, particularly when a large number of samples is to be tested.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 211, no 1-2, 28-34 p.
Giardia duodenalis, Real-time PCR, Assemblage-specific assays, Molecular diagnosis, Zoonoses, Farm animals
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258760DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.04.017ISI: 000356982100005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-258760DiVA: diva2:842516