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Why organisms age: Evolution of senescence under positive pleiotropy?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology.
2015 (English)In: Bioessays, ISSN 0265-9247, E-ISSN 1521-1878, Vol. 37, no 7, 802-807 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two classic theories maintain that aging evolves either because of alleles whose deleterious effects are confined to late life or because of alleles with broad pleiotropic effects that increase early-life fitness at the expense of late-life fitness. However, empirical studies often reveal positive pleiotropy for fitness across age classes, and recent evidence suggests that selection on early-life fitness can decelerate aging and increase lifespan, thereby casting doubt on the current consensus. Here, we briefly review these data and promote the simple argument that aging can evolve under positive pleiotropy between early-and late-life fitness when the deleterious effect of mutations increases with age. We argue that this hypothesis makes testable predictions and is supported by existing evidence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 37, no 7, 802-807 p.
Keyword [en]
aging, life-history evolution, mutation accumulation, positive pleiotropy, senescence
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258748DOI: 10.1002/bies.201500025ISI: 000356827700012PubMedID: 25900580OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-258748DiVA: diva2:842549
Available from: 2015-07-21 Created: 2015-07-20 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Maklakov, Alexei A.

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