Interference effects in photoluminescence spectra of Cu2ZnSnS4 and Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films
2015 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 118, no 3, 035307Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photoluminescence (PL) is commonly used for investigations of Cu2ZnSnS(e)4 [CZTS(e)] and Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) thin film solar cells. The influence of interference effects on these measurements is, however, largely overlooked in the community. Here, it is demonstrated that PL spectra of typical CZTS absorbers on Mo/glass substrates can be heavily distorted by interference effects. One reason for the pronounced interference in CZTS is the low reabsorption of the PL emission that typically occurs below the band gap. A similar situation occurs in band gap graded CIGS where the PL emission originates predominantly from the band gap minimum located at the notch region. Based on an optical model for interference effects of PL emitted from a thin film, several approaches to reduce the fringing are identified and tested experimentally. These approaches include the use of measured reflectance data, a calculated interference function, use of high angles of incidence during PL measurements as well as the measurement of polarized light near the Brewster angle.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 118, no 3, 035307
Condensed Matter Physics Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258976DOI: 10.1063/1.4926857ISI: 000358429200053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-258976DiVA: diva2:842917
FunderSwedish Research CouncilEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme