Monozygotic twins with MELAS-like syndrome lacking ragged red fibers and lactacidaemia
1996 (English)In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, Vol. 94, no 4, 233-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Typical cases of MELAS present a combination of clinical and neuroradiological features, lactacidaemia, and ragged red fibers (RRFs) in striated muscle. We have observed a MELAS-like syndrome in monozygotic twins. They developed seizures typically in conjunction with physical exertion, sleep deprivation or febrile episodes. Stroke-like episodes occurred usually during seizures. In twin 2 the course was fatal at age 20 years. Neuroradiological findings were typical of MELAS. Plasma lactate was normal in both. CSF lactate was normal in twin 1 and normal/elevated in twin 2. RRFs were not seen in muscle biopsies of the twins. Complex I activity was reduced in muscle in twin 1. Brain tissue removed at epilepsy surgery in twin 2 showed the presence of mitochondrial angiopathy. The commonest mitochondrial DNA mutation in MELAS, at base pair 3243, was absent. Lactacidaemia and mitochondrial myopathy with RRFs constitute part of the diagnostic criteria of MELAS. However, the absence of these features does not exclude mitochondrial disorder with the serious manifestations of MELAS (seizures and stroke-like episodes) as seen in these twins.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 94, no 4, 233-41 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-56415PubMedID: 8937533OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-56415DiVA: diva2:84323