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The Chamber Tombs of San Giovenale and the Funerary Landscapes of South Etruria
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3525-1999
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study is the first comprehensive examination of the Etruscan chamber tombs at San Giovenale. By compiling all the published data and conducting a field survey, 290 tombs have now been documented at the site. Of these, 224 have never before been published. The primary purpose of the study is to examine three aspects of the chamber tombs: their architecture, the traces of activities connected with them, and their relationship with the landscape.

By comparing the architecture of these 290 tombs to those found at other sites in south Etruria, rough dates can be assigned to them. The earliest securely dated tombs belong to the 7th century BC and the latest to the 4th century BC. The tombs provide evidence that San Giovenale was not abandoned around 500 BC, as some scholars have claimed. The architecture also provides insight into how the tombs were used. Modifications made to the tombs reveal that they were revisited and modified for new uses over several generations, which is confirmed by the already-published pottery. Ramps and stairs leading up to the top of the tombs suggest that activities took place not only inside the chamber but also outside.

An analysis of the location of the tombs demonstrates that the earliest ones were positioned on topographically privileged spots such as the edges of plateaus and the tops of hillocks. From the 6th century BC onward, they are also found further down the slopes of the ravines. From as early as the 7th century BC, many different locations at the site were used for burials concurrently. Moreover, the largest tombs are not found grouped together at one location, but rather are scattered among the necropoleis. This spatial organization is likely the result of different families or groups of families each using their own location to bury their dead.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia , 2015. , 215 p.
Keyword [en]
Etruria, Etruscans, San Giovenale, chamber tombs, landscape, funerary architecture
National Category
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Research subject
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-259389ISBN: 978-91-506-2473-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-259389DiVA: diva2:843971
Public defence
2015-09-19, Universitetshuset Sal IX, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Available from: 2015-08-26 Created: 2015-08-01 Last updated: 2015-08-31

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