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Detection of coolant void in lead-cooled fast reactors
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3136-5665
2015 (English)In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, ISSN 0306-4549, E-ISSN 1873-2100, Vol. 85, 1096-1103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous work (Wolniewicz et al., 2013) has indicated that using fission chambers coated with 242Pu and 235U, respectively, can provide the means of detecting changes in the neutron flux that are connected to coolant density changes in a small lead-cooled fast reactor. Such density changes may be due to leakages of gas into the coolant, which, over time, may coalesce to large bubbles implying a high risk of causing severe damage of the core. By using the ratio of the information provided by the two types of detectors a quantity is obtained that is sensitive to these density changes and, to the first order approximation, independent of the power level of the reactor.

In this work we continue the investigation of this proposed methodology by applying it to the Advanced LFR European Demonstrator (ALFRED) and using realistic modelling of the neutron detectors. The results show that the methodology may be used to detect density changes indicating the initial stages of a coalescence process that may result in a large bubble. Also, it is shown that under certain circumstances, large bubbles passing through the core could be detected with this methodology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 85, 1096-1103 p.
National Category
Subatomic Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-260230DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2015.07.027ISI: 000361413800116OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-260230DiVA: diva2:846731
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Wolniewicz, PeterHåkansson, AneJansson, Peter

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