Searching for a rat model of chronic tympanic membrane perforation: Healing delayed by mitomycin C/dexamethasone but not paper implantation or iterative myringotomy
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, ISSN 0165-5876, E-ISSN 1872-8464, Vol. 79, no 8, 1240-1247 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: Surgical intervention such as myringoplasty or tympanoplasty is an option in the current clinical management of chronic tympanic membrane perforation (TMP). Animal models of chronic TMP are needed for pre-clinical testing of new materials and to improve existing techniques. We evaluated several reported animal model techniques from the literature for the creation of chronic TMPs. The aim of this study was to evaluate production of chronic TMPs in a rat model using topical mitomycin C/dexamethasone, paper insertion into middle ear cavity (MEC) or re-myringotomy. Methods: Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent myringotomy of the right tympanic membrane (TM) and were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups: application of topical mitomycin C/dexamethasone, paper insertion into middle ear cavity, or re-myringotomy. Control perforations were allowed to close spontaneously. TMs were assessed regularly with otoscopy for 8 weeks. At the end of 8 weeks, animals were sacrificed for histology. Results: The closure of TMPs was significantly delayed by mitomycin C/dexamethasone (mean patency, 18.9 days; P <= 0.01) compared with the control (mean patency, 7 days), but was not significantly delayed in the paper insertion group (mean patency, 9.4 days; P = 0.74). Repeated myringotomy of closed perforations (mean number of myringotomies, 8.9 per ear) stimulated acceleration of closure rather than delay. Histologically, the mitomycin C/dexamethasone group had almost normal TM morphology, while the paper insertion group revealed inflammatory and granulomatous responses. The re-myringotomy group had a thickened TM fibrous layer with collagen deposition. Conclusions: Mitomycin C/dexamethasone delayed TMP closure in rats but the effect was not sufficiently long-lasting to be defined as a chronic TMP. Neither paper insertion into middle ear cavity nor re-myringotomy created chronic TMP in rats. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 79, no 8, 1240-1247 p.
Tympanic membrane, Chronic, Tympanic membrane perforation, Animal model, Otology, Mitomycin C
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-260609DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.05.020ISI: 000358392300012PubMedID: 26060147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-260609DiVA: diva2:848282
This study has been funded by The University of Western Australia Scholarship and The Garnett Passe & Rodney Williams Memorial Foundation to AYW, and the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (1056589). MvU was supported by a Raine Medical Research Foundation Visiting Professorship.2015-08-242015-08-212015-08-24Bibliographically approved