Climate adaptation and speciation: particular focus on reproductive barriers in Ficedula flycatchers
2015 (English)In: Evolutionary Applications, ISSN 1752-4571, E-ISSN 1752-4571, Vol. 9, no 1, 119-134 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Climate adaptation is surprisingly rarely reported as a cause for the build-up of reproductive isolation between diverging populations. In this review, we summarize evidence for effects of climate adaptation on pre- and postzygotic isolation between emerging species with a particular focus on pied (Ficedula hypoleuca) and collared (Ficedula albicollis) flycatchers as a model for research on speciation. Effects of climate adaptation on prezygotic isolation or extrinsic selection against hybrids have been documented in several taxa, but the combined action of climate adaptation and sexual selection is particularly well explored in Ficedula flycatchers. There is a general lack of evidence for divergent climate adaptation causing intrinsic postzygotic isolation. However, we argue that the profound effects of divergence in climate adaptation on the whole biochemical machinery of organisms and hence many underlying genes should increase the likelihood of genetic incompatibilities arising as side effects. Fast temperature-dependent co-evolution between mitochondrial and nuclear genomes may be particularly likely to lead to hybrid sterility. Thus, how climate adaptation relates to reproductive isolation is best explored in relation to fast-evolving barriers to gene flow, while more research on later stages of divergence is needed to achieve a complete understanding of climate-driven speciation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 9, no 1, 119-134 p.
ecological speciation;genetic incompatibilities;natural selection;personality;sexual selection;speciation genomics;thermal adaptation
Research subject Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-261081DOI: 10.1111/eva.12276ISI: 000368250500008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-261081DiVA: diva2:849598
FunderSwedish Research Council