Detection and characterisation of renal lesions by multiphasic helical CT.
2000 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Acta Radiol., Vol. 41, no 4, 361-366 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: The fast helical CT technique allows examination of the kidneys during different phases of contrast medium enhancement. However, every additional phase increases the radiation dosage to the patients. We investigated the detection rate and characterisation of renal lesions during different phases and evaluated them separately, and considered the possibility of excluding phases without loss of important information.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent contrast-enhanced multiphasic renal helical CT examination were included. Every CT phase was evaluated separately. The number of lesions and the characteristics of the lesions were noted and all lesions were viewed together.
RESULTS: A total of 153 cysts and 17 solid lesions were detected. The largest and an equal number of cysts (142/143) was detected in the nephrographic and excretory phases. However, the nephrographic phase detected more cortical cysts and the excretory phase detected more sinus cysts. All solid lesions were detected in all phases. Renal parenchymal tumours were best characterised in the cortical phase and angiomyolipomas in the native phase.
CONCLUSION: The cortical phase was best for characterisation of renal parenchymal tumours. The nephrographic and excretory phases were best in detecting and characterising renal cysts. The nephrographic phase was the phase giving the least diagnostic information.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 41, no 4, 361-366 p.
Kidney Mass, Characterisation, Helical Ct
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-57114DOI: 10.1080/028418500127345479OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-57114DiVA: diva2:85023