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A Repeat Validated Population Questionnaire of a Defined Swedish Population Verifies Reduction in Leg Ulcer Prevalence Over Time
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
2015 (English)In: Acta Dermato-Venereologica, ISSN 0001-5555, E-ISSN 1651-2057, Vol. 95, no 6, 725-729 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study was performed to measure if the introduced interventions in leg ulcer care in a selected Swedish county yield a detectable reduction in leg ulcer prevalence in the population. A validated postal questionnaire sent to 10,000 (9,868) randomly selected 30-89-year-olds in the Skaraborg county (255,042 inhabitants). All positive responders were telephone-interviewed and verified ulcer patients were clinically examined including assessment of arterial/venous circulation with hand-held Doppler and, where indicated, duplex ultrasound scanning. All results were compared with numbers from 1990 (initial study). The response rate was 82% (8,070/9,868), 200 active ulcers and 290 previous ulcers. The calculated prevalence was 0.75% for 30-89 years and 1.05% for 50-89 years (2.1% in 1990). The leg ulcer prevalence was reduced by 32% (0.52% compared to 0.77% in 1990), and the relative risk was reduced by 50% (95% CI 0.36-0.69). The study shows a true reduction in leg ulcer prevalence detectable in the population supporting a successful care of leg ulcer patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 95, no 6, 725-729 p.
Keyword [en]
leg ulcer, prevalence study, epidemiology
National Category
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-261327DOI: 10.2340/00015555-2060ISI: 000359093800016PubMedID: 25655638OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-261327DiVA: diva2:850692
Available from: 2015-09-02 Created: 2015-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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