In vitro determination of toxicity, binding, retention, subcellular distribution and biological efficacy of the boron neutron capture agentDAC-1
1996 (English)In: Radiotherapy and Oncology, ISSN 0167-8140, Vol. 38, no 1, 41-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), 10B is delivered selectively to the tumour cells and the nuclide then forms high-LET radiation (4He2+ and 7Li3+) upon neutron capture. Today much research is focused on development of a variety of boron compounds aimed for BNCT. The compounds must be thoroughly analysed in preclinical tests regarding basic characteristics such as binding and subcellular distribution to enable accurate estimations of dose-modifying factors. DAC-1,2-[2-(3-amino-propyl)-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaboran (12)-1-yl-methoxy]- 1,3-propanediol was synthesized at our laboratories and the human colon carcinoma cells LS-174T were used as an in vitro model. The boron compound showed a remarkable intracellular accumulation, 20-100 times higher than the boron content in the culture medium, in cultured cells and was not removed by extensive washes. Approximately half of the boron taken up also remained within the cells for at least 4 days. The DAC-1 compound alone was not toxic at boron concentrations below 2.5 micrograms B/g. The intracellular distribution of the boron compound was investigated by subcellular fractionation experiments and low pH treatments. It is possible that DAC-1 binds to some intracellular molecules or to membranes connected with organelles in the cytoplasm or even to the inside of the outer cell membrane. Another possibility is that the compound, due to the somewhat lipophilic properties, is embedded in the membranes. Thermal neutron irradiations were carried out at the Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor (BMRR). At a survival level of 0.1, DAC-1 + thermal neutrons were about 10.5 times more effective in cell inactivation than the thermal neutrons alone. Monte Carlo calculations gave a mean value of the 10B-dependent specific energy, the dose, of 0.22 Gy. The total physical dose during irradiation of DAC-1-containing cells with a neutron fluence of 0.18 x 10(12) n/cm2 was 0.39 Gy. The dose-modifying factor, at survival level 0.1, when comparing irradiation with thermal neutrons with and without DAC-1 was 3.4, while the dose-modifying factor when comparing neutron irradiations of cells with DAC-1 and irradiation of the cells with 60Co-gamma was 7.3. The results are encouraging and in vivo tests of tissue distributions and tumour uptake should now be carried out.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 38, no 1, 41-50 p.
BNCT, Cell culture, Clonogenic survival, DAC-1; Dose-modifying factors, LS-174T cells, Neutron irradiation, Radiation effects, Subcellular fractionation
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-57329DOI: 10.1016/0167-8140(95)01633-3PubMedID: 8850425OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-57329DiVA: diva2:85238