Binding Rate Constants Reveal Distinct Features of Disordered Protein Domains
2015 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 1520-4995, E-ISSN 0006-2960, Vol. 54, no 30, 4741-4750 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are abundant in the proteome and involved in key cellular functions. However, experimental data about the binding kinetics of IDPs as a function of different environmental conditions are scarce. We have performed an extensive characterization of the ionic strength dependence of the interaction between the molten globular nuclear co-activator binding domain (NCBD) of CREB binding protein and five different protein ligands, including the intrinsically disordered activation domain of p160 transcriptional co-activators (SRC1, TIF2, ACTR), the p53 transactivation domain, and the folded pointed domain (PNT) of transcription factor ETS-2. Direct comparisons of the binding rate constants under identical conditions show that the association rate constant, k(on), for interactions between NCBD and disordered protein domains is high at low salt concentrations (90-350 x 10(6) M-1 s(-1) at 4 degrees C) but is reduced significantly (10-30-fold) with an increasing ionic strength and reaches a plateau around physiological ionic strength. In contrast, the k(on) for the interaction between NCBD and the folded PNT domain is only 7 x 10(6) M-1 s(-1) (4 degrees C and low salt) and displays weak ionic strength dependence, which could reflect a distinctly different association that relies less on electrostatic interactions. Furthermore, the basal rate constant (in the absence of electrostatic interactions) is high for the NCBD interactions, exceeding those typically observed for folded proteins. One likely interpretation is that disordered proteins have a large number of possible collisions leading to a productive on-pathway encounter complex, while folded proteins are more restricted in terms of orientation. Our results highlight the importance of electrostatic interactions in binding involving IDPs and emphasize the significance of including ionic strength as a factor in studies that compare the binding properties of IDPs to those of ordered proteins.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 54, no 30, 4741-4750 p.
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-261964DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.5b00520ISI: 000359277800016PubMedID: 26153298OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-261964DiVA: diva2:852546
FunderSwedish Research Council