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The roles and involvement of academic inventors and innovation supporting actors in university-based innovation processes: The influence of IPR ownership and IP nature
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Psychology in Healthcare. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-262346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-262346DiVA: diva2:853451
Available from: 2015-09-14 Created: 2015-09-14 Last updated: 2017-03-22
In thesis
1. Exploitation of University-Based Healthcare Innovations: The Behaviors of Three Key Actors and Influencing Factors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploitation of University-Based Healthcare Innovations: The Behaviors of Three Key Actors and Influencing Factors
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Large resources are invested in healthcare research, but despite this there is a wide gap between research knowledge and healthcare practice. Implementation researchers have addressed this gap, focusing mostly on the role of healthcare practitioners. However, a narrow focus on implementation does not take into consideration the preceding stages and the roles of different actors during the whole innovation process, which starts from research and ends with implementation. The aim of this thesis is to examine the behaviors of three key actors during an innovation process and to explore the influence of selected contextual factors on their behavior.

Study I (n=10 funders) identifies several facilitative roles for funders and suggests that implementation risks becoming no one’s responsibility as the funders identify six different actors responsible for implementation, the majority of whom embody a collective or an organization. Study II finds that the implementation knowledge of Swedish funding managers (n=18) is mostly based on experience-based knowledge. The majority of the funding managers define implementation as a process and express limited knowledge of implementation. The findings of Study III (n=4 innovation cases) show that the roles and involvement of academic inventors and ISAs (innovation-supporting actors) are more connected to intellectual property (IP) nature than to intellectual property rights (IPR) ownership. Study IV (n=4 innovation cases) identifies three different logics that influence the behavior of academic inventors: market, academic and care logics. A pattern emerges where the behavior of academic inventors is guided by a unique logic and there is no interaction between logics, despite the existence of multiple logics. The individual strategies to handle multiple logics coincide with the influence of logics. In addition, IP nature, distinguishing between high-tech and low-tech innovations, is connected to the influence of institutional logics: low-tech connected to the care logic and high-tech connected to the market logic.

This thesis has three main theoretical and practical implications relevant for practitioners, policymakers and researchers. First, implementation responsibility is an important issue to study and discuss, because without clearly defined responsibilities and management of responsibilities, responsibility might become no one’s responsibility. Second, the finding that experience-based implementation knowledge contributes heavily to policymakers’ knowledge encourages further studies and discussions regarding this relatively neglected issue. Third, the importance of IP nature in shaping innovation processes should be considered and further examined, not only as a factor influencing inventors and ISAs’ roles and involvement, but also as influencing the prevalence of different institutional logics. Further, the relevance of a distinction between low-tech and high-tech IP should be reflected on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 80 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1326
Keyword
implementation responsibility, research funder, implementation knowledge, commercialization of science, university ownership, inventor ownership, institutional logics, medical technology
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317934 (URN)978-91-554-9892-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-01, Auditorium Minus, Museum Gustavianum, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-11 Created: 2017-03-22 Last updated: 2017-05-23

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Brantnell, AndersBaraldi, Enrico

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Clinical Psychology in HealthcareDepartment of Women's and Children's HealthDepartment of Engineering Sciences
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