The construction industry is one of the main operators at the Swedish industrial
market, which means that the industry also contributes with a large part of Sweden's
environmental impact. The construction industry accounts for a third of the country's
total waste. And today a normal project sends about 10 % of waste to landfill, but
how should a project proceed in order to achieve zero landfill?
The purpose of this thesis is to highlight the opportunities that exist in waste
management in the construction of new buildings and how to prevent landfill. The
goal is to summarize the results in a checklist to serve future projects.
The study consists of a literature review in order to determine the current state of
knowledge in landfill. Interviews with leading persons at two of Skanska's successful
reference projects were held in order to capture their opinions and thoughts on zero
landfill, and the factors that made their projects succesful. Interviews were also held
with waste contractors from two of Sweden's major waste companies, in order to get
a different angle on the landfill issue.
The result shows that the issue of zero landfill is very complex and there are many
factors involved. There is much to improve, but those interviewed believe it is
possible to achieve zero landfill, through:
• Commitment in leadership
• Careful selection of materials
• Engage waste contractor early
The question remains whether zero landfill is what benefits the environment most or
2015. , 63 p.