The development agenda created at the UN General Assembly year 2000 and the birth of the MDGs provided development partners a unique opportunity to focus efforts and pool resources. There mere fact that all goals came with clear sets of indicators also highlighted the renewed importance placed on evidence based monitoring and evaluation system. Although the post-2015 development agenda is still under formation, the establishment of a common robust monitoring and accountability framework is essential for future partnerships around the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as well as long-term public support.
The following paper is based on a literature review of the ten highest ranking ICT4D journals’ research on mobile phone supported monitoring and evaluation systems of development cooperation in Africa. The review concludes that while there exists an abundance of pilot studies showcasing ICTs’ and mobiles in particular, potential to contribute to timely and cost efficient data collection, data management and analysis, there are very few examples of comprehensive and large scale monitoring and evaluation systems. Especially mobile technology’s potential to provide continuous feedback on monitoring and evaluation indicators, and potential for agile operational learning processes, appears to be both under-utilized and underdeveloped in development cooperation. With no less than 17 Sustainable Development Goals being proposed as the post-2015 MDG development framework, dynamic monitoring and accountability systems are more important than ever, and it is high time to explore how mobiles can support the post-2015 development agenda.