Vaccinia Virus Induces Programmed Necrosis in Ovarian Cancer Cells
2013 (English)In: Molecular Therapy, ISSN 1525-0016, E-ISSN 1525-0024, Vol. 21, no 11, 2074-2086 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The mechanisms by which oncolytic vaccinia virus induces tumor cell death are poorly understood. We have evaluated cell death pathways following infection of ovarian cancer cells with both wild-type and thymidine kinase-deleted (dTK) Lister strain vaccinia. We show that death does not rely upon classical apoptosis despite the appearances of some limited apoptotic features, including phosphatidylserine externalization and appearance of sub-G1 DNA populations. Vaccinia infection induces marked lipidation of LC3 proteins, but there is no general activation of the autophagic process and cell death does not rely upon autophagy induction. We show that vaccinia induces necrotic morphology on transmission electron microscopy, accompanied by marked by reductions in intracellular adenosine triphosphate, altered mitochondrial metabolism, and release of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein. This necrotic cell death appears regulated, as infection induces formation of a receptor interacting protein (RIP1)/caspase-8 complex. In addition, pharmacological inhibition of both RIP1 and substrates downstream of RIP1, including MLKL, significantly attenuate cell death. Blockade of TNF-alpha, however, does not alter virus efficacy, suggesting that necrosis does not result from autocrine cytokine release. Overall, these results show that, in ovarian cancer cells, vaccinia virus causes necrotic cell death that is mediated through a programmed series of events.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 21, no 11, 2074-2086 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-262662DOI: 10.1038/mt.2013.195ISI: 000326937000013PubMedID: 23985697OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-262662DiVA: diva2:854781