Lung density for assessment of hydration status in hemodialysis patients using the computed tomographic densitometry technique
1997 (English)In: Kidney International, ISSN 0085-2538, E-ISSN 1523-1755, Vol. 52, no 6, 1635-1644 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The density of the lung reflects the total mass of fluid, air, and dry lung tissue per unit volume of the lung. Lung density can be measured by evaluation of attenuation of an electron beam with computed tomography (CT). This technique has been shown to be sufficiently reliable and sensitive to distinguish normal from abnormal lung water. The aim of this study was to find out whether lung density properly reflects the hydration status in hemodialysis patients in comparison with other standard methods. Fourteen hemodialysis patients, with an ultrafiltration ranging from 0.3 to 4.5 liters per session, underwent CT measurements of lung density, ultrasonographic measurements of the diameter of the inferior vena cava after quiet expiration (IVCe) and quiet inspiration (IVCi), and measurements of the hematocrit and plasma levels of the biochemical hydration markers cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). These measurements were performed before and 3.5 to 4 hours after termination of dialysis. Quantitative estimates of lung density were obtained within pixels with CT numbers ranging between -1000 and -100 Hounsfield Units (HU), and compared with normal data from 18 normal controls. In normal controls, the lung density ranged from -800 to -730 HU. In hemodialysis patients, lung density was significantly higher than normal before dialysis (-678 +/- 96 HU, P < 0.01) and significantly decreased after dialysis (-706 +/- 92 HU, P < 0.05), indicating a decrease in fluid content of the lung. The density was normalized in 5 patients. A significant correlation was found between lung density and IVCe both before and after dialysis (r = 0.8, P < 0.01 for both). Change in density was significantly correlated to amount of ultrafiltration (r = 0.67, P < 0.01) and percent change in blood volume (r = 0.63, P < 0.05), indicating that lung density is greatly affected by changes in the extracellular fluid volume, mainly the intravascular volume. In conclusion, lung water reflects the hydration status in hemodialysis patients and can be monitored by measuring the lung density by CT. Accordingly, normalization of lung density can help to achieve a proper dry weight in these patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 52, no 6, 1635-1644 p.
lung density, computed tomography, vena cava ultrasound, atrial natriuretic peptide, hemodynamics
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-57663DOI: 10.1038/ki.1997.496PubMedID: 9407511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-57663DiVA: diva2:85572