Inbreeding Affects Gene Expression Differently in Two Self-Incompatible Arabidopsis lyrata Populations with Similar Levels of Inbreeding Depression
2015 (English)In: Molecular biology and evolution, ISSN 0737-4038, E-ISSN 1537-1719, Vol. 32, no 8, 2036-2047 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Knowledge of which genes and pathways are affected by inbreeding may help understanding the genetic basis of inbreeding depression, the potential for purging (selection against deleterious recessive alleles), and the transition from outcrossing to selfing. Arabidopsis lyrata is a predominantly self-incompatible perennial plant, closely related to the selfing model species A. thaliana. To examine how inbreeding affects gene expression, we compared the transcriptome of experimentally selfed and outcrossed A. lyrata originating from two Scandinavian populations that express similar inbreeding depression for fitness ((partial derivative approximate to 0.80). The number of genes significantly differentially expressed between selfed and outcrossed individuals were 2.5 times higher in the Norwegian population (approximate to 500 genes) than in the Swedish population (approximate to 200 genes). In both populations, a majority of genes were upregulated on selfing (approximate to 80%). Functional annotation analysis of the differentially expressed genes showed that selfed offspring were characterized by 1) upregulation of stress-related genes in both populations and 2) upregulation of photosynthesis-related genes in Sweden but downregulation in Norway. Moreover, we found that reproduction-and pollination-related genes were affected by inbreeding only in Norway. We conclude that inbreeding causes both general and population-specific effects. The observed common effects suggest that inbreeding generally upregulates rather than downregulates gene expression and affects genes associated with stress response and general metabolic activity. Population differences in the number of affected genes and in effects on the expression of photosynthesis-related genes show that the genetic basis of inbreeding depression can differ between populations with very similar levels of inbreeding depression.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 32, no 8, 2036-2047 p.
inbreeding, gene expression, stress-related genes, Arabidopsis lyrata, RNA-Seq
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263038DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msv086ISI: 000360586500010PubMedID: 25855783OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-263038DiVA: diva2:857531
FunderSwedish Research Council