Sustained attention in infancy as a longitudinal predictor of self-regulatory functions
2015 (English)In: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 41, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous literature suggests that attention processes such as sustained attention would con-stitute a developmental foundation for the self-regulatory functions executive functioningand effortful control (e.g., Garon, Bryson, & Smith, 2008; Rothbart, Derryberry, & Posner,1994). Our main aim was to test this hypothesis by studying whether sustained attentionat age 1 year can predict individual differences in self-regulatory functions at age 2 years.Longitudinal data from 66 infants and their parents were included in the study. Sustainedattention was assessed during free play at age 1 year; executive functioning, measured usingan eye-tracking version of the A-not-B task, and effortful control, measured using parentalratings, were assessed at both age 1 and age 2 years. The results did support a longitudinalprediction of individual differences in 2-year-olds’ self-regulatory functions as a function ofsustained attention at age 1 year. We also found significant improvement in both executivefunctioning and effortful control over time, and the two self-regulatory constructs wererelated in toddlerhood but not in infancy. The study helps increase our understanding ofthe early development of self-regulatory functions necessary for identifying developmentalrisks and, in the future, for developing new interventions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 41, 1-11 p.
Attention, Self-regulation, Executive functioning, Effortful control, Infancy
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263508DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2015.07.001ISI: 000365375100001PubMedID: 26241679OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-263508DiVA: diva2:858327