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Hydrogen Storage Materials for Mobile and Stationary Applications: Current State of the Art
Univ New S Wales, Sch Chem Engn, MERLin Grp, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia..
Aarhus Univ, Dept Chem, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark.;Aarhus Univ, iNANO, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark.;Curtin Univ, Dept Phys Astron & Med Radiat Sci, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia..
Curtin Univ, Dept Phys Astron & Med Radiat Sci, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia..
Curtin Univ, Dept Phys Astron & Med Radiat Sci, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia..
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2015 (English)In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 8, no 17, 2789-2825 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the limitations to the widespread use of hydrogen as an energy carrier is its storage in a safe and compact form. Herein, recent developments in effective high-capacity hydrogen storage materials are reviewed, with a special emphasis on light compounds, including those based on organic porous structures, boron, nitrogen, and aluminum. These elements and their related compounds hold the promise of high, reversible, and practical hydrogen storage capacity for mobile applications, including vehicles and portable power equipment, but also for the large scale and distributed storage of energy for stationary applications. Current understanding of the fundamental principles that govern the interaction of hydrogen with these light compounds is summarized, as well as basic strategies to meet practical targets of hydrogen uptake and release. The limitation of these strategies and current understanding is also discussed and new directions proposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 8, no 17, 2789-2825 p.
Keyword [en]
energy storage, hydrogen, metal-organic frameworks, microporous materials, nanostructures
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264060DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201500231ISI: 000360915800005PubMedID: 26033917OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-264060DiVA: diva2:858958
Carl Tryggers foundation Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2015-10-05 Created: 2015-10-05 Last updated: 2015-10-05Bibliographically approved

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