Preserved oxygenation in obese patients receiving protective ventilation during laparoscopic surgery: a randomized controlled study
2016 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 60, no 1, 26-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Venous admixture from atelectasis and airway closure impedes oxygenation during general anaesthesia. We tested the hypothesis that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) during pre-oxygenation and reduced fraction of inspiratory oxygen (FIO2 ) during emergence from anaesthesia can improve oxygenation in patients with obesity undergoing laparoscopic surgery.
METHODS: In the intervention group (n = 20, median BMI 41.9), a CPAP of 10 cmH2 O was used during pre-oxygenation and induction of anaesthesia, but no CPAP was used in the control group (n = 20, median BMI 38.1). During anaesthesia, all patients were ventilated in volume-controlled mode with an FIO2 of 0.4 and a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 10 cmH2 O. During emergence, before extubation, the control group was given an FIO2 of 1.0 and the intervention group was divided into two subgroups, which were given an FIO2 of 1.0 or 0.31. Oxygenation was assessed perioperatively by the estimated venous admixture (EVA).
RESULTS: The median EVA before pre-oxygenation was about 8% in both groups. During anaesthesia after intubation, the median EVA was 8.2% in the intervention vs. 13.2% in the control group (P = 0.048). After CO2 pneumoperitoneum, the median EVA was 8.4% in the intervention vs. 9.9% in the control group (P > 0.05). One hour post-operatively, oxygenation had deteriorated in patients given an FIO2 of 1.0 during emergence but not in patients given an FIO2 of 0.31.
CONCLUSIONS: A CPAP of 10 cmH2 O during pre-oxygenation and induction, followed by PEEP after intubation, seemed to preserve oxygenation during anaesthesia. Post-operative oxygenation depended on the FIO2 used during emergence.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 60, no 1, 26-35 p.
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Research subject Physiology; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264212DOI: 10.1111/aas.12588ISI: 000368139400005PubMedID: 26235391OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-264212DiVA: diva2:859515